Native and Edible Trees, Bushes & Perennials

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Host Plants (where eggs are layed)

Butterfly Caterpillar Host Plants
Pipevine swallowtailpipevines (Aristolochia spp.)
Zebra swallowtailpawpaw (Asimina triloba)
Black swallowtailparsley family - parsley, dill, fennel, carrot, Queen Anne's lace, Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea), rue family - common rue
Giant swallowtailnorthern prickly-ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), common rue
Eastern tiger swallowtailtuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera), wild black cherry (Prunus serotina), ash (Fraxinus spp.)
Spicebush swallowtailspicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Cabbage white (non-native)mustard family - cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, garlic mustard, (invasive non-native), winter-cress
Clouded sulphurclovers
Orange sulphuralfalfa, clovers
American coppersheep sorrel, docks
Banded hairstreakoaks (Quercus spp.), hickories (Carya spp.), black walnut (Juglans nigra)
Gray hairstreakflowers and seeds of - tick-trefoils, bush-clovers, clovers, mallows, hibiscus
Henry's elfinredbud (Cercis canadensis), American holly (Ilex opaca), blueberries (Vaccinium spp.)
Eastern tailed blueflowers and seeds of - clovers, bush-clovers, tick-trefoils, sweet clovers
Baltimorewhite turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
Spring azure/summer azurebuds and flowers of - flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), wild black cherry (Prunus serotina), viburnums, blueberries, meadow-sweet (Spiraea spp.), New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus), wing stem (Verbesina alternifolia)
Variegated fritillaryviolets and pansies
Great spangled fritillaryviolets
Meadow fritillaryviolets
Silvery checkerspotox-eye sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides), sunflowers (Helianthus spp.), black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia spp.), wing stem (Verbesina alternifolia), coneflowers (Echinacea spp.)
Pearl crescentasters (Symphyotrichum spp.) - excluding white wood aster (Eurybia divaricata)
Question markhackberry trees (Celtis spp.), elms (Ulmus spp.), nettles
Eastern commanettles, hops, elms (Ulmus spp.)
Mourning cloakwillows (Salix spp.), elms (Ulmus spp.), aspens (Populus spp.), birches (Betula spp.), hackberry tree (Celtis spp.)
American ladypussytoes (Antennaria spp.), pearly everlasting, fragrant cudweed
Painted ladythistles (some are invasive non-natives), mallows, hollyhocks, asters, legumes and many others
Red admiralnettles, false nettle
Common buckeyeEnglish plantain, common plantain, figworts, vervains, snapdragon, toadflax
Red-spotted purplecherries (Prunus spp.), willows (Salix spp.), aspens (Populus spp.), serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.), birches (Betula spp.), hawthorns (Crataegus spp.), sweet crabapple (Malus coronaria)
Viceroywillows (Salix spp.), aspens (Populus spp.)
Hackberry & Tawny emperorshackberry trees (Celtis spp.)
Appalachian brownsedges (Carex spp.), bulrush
Little wood satyrbluegrasses, orchard grass
Common wood nymphpurpletop grass (Tridens flavus), poverty grass, big bluestem, little bluestem
Monarchmilkweeds (Asclepias spp.)
Silver-spotted skipperblack locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanthos), tick-trefoils, hog-peanut and other legumes
Wild indigo duskywing (skipper)wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria), blue false indigo (Baptisia australis), crown-vetch (invasive non-native)
Common checkered skippermallows, sidas, velvet-leaf, hollyhock
Peck's skipperrice cutters (Leersia oryzoides), bluegrasses
Little glassywing (skipper) purpletop grass (Tridens flavus)
Zabulon skipperpurpletop grass (Tridens flavus), lovegrass

Prepared by York County Master Gardener Debra Carman, February 2017